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ERIC Number: EJ921035
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 24
ISSN: ISSN-1533-7731
Delay Discounting of Different Outcomes in a Sample of American Indian and Non-Indian College Students
Weatherly, Jeffrey N.; McDonald, J. Douglas
American Indian and Alaska Native Mental Health Research: The Journal of the National Center, v17 n2 p43-55 2011
Delay discounting occurs when an individual prefers a lesser amount of an outcome that is available immediately, rather than waiting for the full amount. The present study was a preliminary investigation into delay discounting in a yet unstudied population, American Indians (AIs). AI college students completed a delay-discounting task that consisted of five different outcomes (e.g., money, retirement income, obtaining the ideal body image). An equal-sized group of Caucasian respondents was then matched to the AI sample in terms of sex, age, and grade point average. Results demonstrated that AI and Caucasian respondents sometimes differed in how they discounted certain outcomes, suggesting that the value of these outcomes may differ across ethnicities. Further, the AI participants displayed different rates of discounting across the different outcomes, indicating that those outcomes may hold different values for the AI respondents. The potential value of delay discounting in understanding cross-cultural and intra-cultural differences is discussed and, because of the preliminary nature of the present study, a call for additional research is made. (Contains 1 figure and 2 footnotes.)
American Indian and Alaska Native Programs. University of Colorado Health Services Center, P.O. Box 6508, Mail Stop F800, Aurora, CO 80045-0508. Tel: 303-724-1414; Fax: 303-724-1474; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: North Dakota