ERIC Number: EJ920891
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Reference Count: 12
Accreditation and Its Influence on Institutional Effectiveness
Head, Ronald B.; Johnson, Michael S.
New Directions for Community Colleges, n153 p37-52 Spr 2011
The term "institutional effectiveness" was developed in response to accreditation, and this emphasizes the large extent to which accreditation drives institutional effectiveness efforts on community college campuses. There are two general types of accreditation. "Institutional accreditation" is the process by which institutions of higher education are evaluated as a whole with an eye toward their unity of purpose and the extent to which the sum of the parts complement the whole. "Programmatic accreditation" focuses on components--programs, courses of study, and sometimes individual courses--within the institution. In this article, the authors focus solely on one type of institutional accreditation, which is commonly referred to as "regional accreditation" because the U.S. Department of Education, as well as the Council for Higher Education Accreditation (CHEA), recognizes six agencies that confer accreditation to colleges and universities in their respective regions of the United States and abroad. The intent of this article is to briefly examine the institutional effectiveness requirements of each of the six agencies.
Descriptors: Institutional Evaluation, Accreditation (Institutions), Standards, Case Studies, Student Personnel Services, Academic Support Services, College Programs, Community Colleges, Evaluation Criteria, Program Evaluation, Educational Quality, School Effectiveness, Educational Policy, Agencies, Agency Role, College Libraries, Library Instruction
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education; Two Year Colleges
Authoring Institution: N/A