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ERIC Number: EJ920806
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Pages: 10
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
Benefits of Accumulating versus Diminishing Cues in Recall
Finley, Jason R.; Benjamin, Aaron S.; Hays, Matthew J.; Bjork, Robert A.; Kornell, Nate
Journal of Memory and Language, v64 n4 p289-298 May 2011
Optimizing learning over multiple retrieval opportunities requires a joint consideration of both the probability and the mnemonic value of a successful retrieval. Previous research has addressed this trade-off by manipulating the schedule of practice trials, suggesting that a pattern of increasingly long lags--"expanding retrieval practice"--may keep retrievals successful while gradually increasing their mnemonic value (Landauer & Bjork, 1978). Here we explore the trade-off issue further using an analogous manipulation of cue informativeness. After being given an initial presentation of English-Inupiaq word pairs, participants received practice trials across which letters of the target word were either accumulated (AC), diminished (DC), or always fully present. Diminishing cues yielded the highest performance on a final test of cued recall. Additional analyses suggest that AC practice promotes potent (effortful) retrieval at the cost of success, and DC practice promotes successful retrieval at the cost of potency. Experiment 2 revealed that the negative effects of AC practice can be partly ameliorated by providing feedback after each practice trial.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A