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ERIC Number: EJ920772
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 70
ISSN: ISSN-0144-3410
Temperament, Personality and Achievement Goals among Chinese Adolescent Students
Chen, Chen; Zhang, Li-Fang
Educational Psychology, v31 n3 p339-359 2011
Temperament and personality have been presumed to affect achievement goals based on the hierarchical model of achievement motivation. This research investigated the relationships of temperament dimensions and the Big Five personality traits to achievement goals based on the 2 x 2 achievement goal framework among 775 Chinese adolescent students. Confirmatory factor analysis showed that the 2 x 2 framework could be generalised to the Chinese context. Six of the nine temperament dimensions (e.g. activity level--general, flexibility-rigidity, and task orientation) significantly predicted mastery-approach, mastery-avoidance, performance-approach and performance-avoidance goals. Neuroticism, extroversion and conscientiousness significantly predicted all the above-mentioned four achievement goals; openness and agreeableness significantly predicted the mastery-orientated and performance-oriented achievement goals, respectively. Compared with temperament, personality was the stronger predictor for achievement goals. These results supported the posited relationship of "hard-wiring" variables to achievement goals in the conceptual model of achievement motivation. (Contains 1 note and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: NEO Five Factor Inventory