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ERIC Number: EJ920472
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Nov
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 20
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
The Bologna Process and Its Impact on University-Level Chemical Education in Europe
Pinto, Gabriel
Journal of Chemical Education, v87 n11 p1176-1182 Nov 2010
This article describes the Bologna Process, an effort by a consortium of nearly 50 European countries trying to standardize the higher education system in Europe. Starting from a nonbinding agreement (the 1999 Bologna Declaration), the Bologna Process involves a voluntary joint venture for the construction of a European higher education area (EHEA). The process focuses on three major goals: (i) facilitating and improving the mobility of University students and professors; (ii) enhancing the attractiveness and employability of higher education in Europe in an increasingly competitive global environment; and (iii) building more transparent and homogeneous structures. Working across several specific objectives (adoption of a system of easily readable and comparable degrees, a common system of credits and grades, quality assurance, promotion of lifelong learning, and others), this convergence process strives to obtain a comparable, common, coherent, and attractive space for the tertiary education sector in Europe by the year 2010. The proposed system of credits, known as ECTS (European credit transfer and accumulation system), promotes a shift from teaching to learning in university education. In this way, the Bologna Process emphasizes students' learning outcomes and modern pedagogical methodologies, including active learning. Basic implications in the European system for chemistry education are summarized, including information about a framework bachelors degree program in chemistry called the European Eurobachelor, which is intended to set a standard for chemistry higher education. (Contains 4 tables and 4 notes.)
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education; Postsecondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A