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ERIC Number: EJ920422
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 5
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 4
ISSN: ISSN-1073-5836
A Reflective Protocol for Mathematics Learning Environments
Kinzer, Cathy Jeanne; Virag, Lisa; Morales, Sara
Teaching Children Mathematics, v17 n8 p480-484 Apr 2011
How can a teacher use the practice of reflection to create rich mathematical learning environments that are engaging to students? In such environments, one can hear and see a seamless integration of Problem Solving, Reasoning and Proof, Communication, making mathematical Connections, and Representation (the NCTM Process Standards) through Number and Operations, Algebra, Geometry, Measurement, and Data Analysis and Probability. "While the five Content Standards are the heart of the curriculum, the Process Standards are essential to keeping it pumping." If the mathematics Content Standards are "what" teachers teach, the Process Standards are "how" teachers teach it and how students learn it. Although the Process Standards are a required part of the state curriculum, many teachers need ways to make sense of them within the context of their teaching. One key area that must be addressed is time within the school day to establish and use a structure to support teachers in working and learning together. A viable option for a school is to establish professional learning communities (PLCs). The PLC provides support to implement change as well as a knowledge and data-feedback system from the classroom back to the PLC team. Establishing working protocols focused on mathematics learning is essential to PLC success, but its structure can be flexed to meet the needs of teachers. Once the structure is formed and protocols are in place, teachers can reflect on the cycle of teaching and learning that takes place within their classrooms and explore ways to increase effectiveness that results in an increase in students' conceptual understanding of mathematical content and their ability to use mathematical processes. "Building a Mathematics Learning Environment (MLE)" and "A Reflection Tool for a Mathematics Learning Environments (MLE)" accompany the online version of this article.
National Council of Teachers of Mathematics. 1906 Association Drive, Reston, VA 20191-1502. Tel: 800-235-7566; Tel: 703-620-3702; Fax: 703-476-2970; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: Teachers
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A