ERIC Number: EJ920271
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 46
Misremembering as Mediated Action: Schematic Narrative Templates and Elementary Students' Narration of the Past
Wills, John S.
Theory and Research in Social Education, v39 n1 p115-144 Win 2011
The purpose of this article is to explore three fifth grade students' misremembering of the beginnings of American history as a form of mediated action, active agents using cultural tools provided by a sociocultural setting to represent and interpret the past (Wertsch, 2000). Data come from a 10-month qualitative case study of history instruction in one fourth grade and two fifth grade classrooms, and include student interviews, videotaped observations of lessons, and curricular materials and student work. Drawing on Wertsch's (2002, 2004) distinction between specific narratives and schematic narrative templates, the author argues that three fifth grade students' mistaken narration of the beginnings of American history was informed by their use of a schematic narrative template that was present in the enacted curriculum. The author concludes the article with a discussion of the implications of the presence of this cultural tool and its use by students for the teaching of history and students' development of a usable historical past.
Descriptors: Elementary School Students, Grade 4, Grade 5, History Instruction, United States History, Recall (Psychology), Narration, Cognitive Processes, Classroom Environment, Teacher Student Relationship
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4; Grade 5
Authoring Institution: N/A