ERIC Number: EJ919982
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 51
Welfare Attitudes and Social Expenditure: Do Regimes Shape Public Opinion?
Jakobsen, Tor Georg
Social Indicators Research, v101 n3 p323-340 May 2011
This article examines the link between regime types, social expenditure, and welfare attitudes. By employing data on 19 countries taken from the World Values Survey, the main aim is to see to what degree the institutions of a country affect the attitudes of its citizens. According to Esping-Andersen ("The three worlds of welfare capitalism". Polity Press, Cambridge, "1990") welfare regimes can be classified into Liberal, Conservative, and Social Democratic categories. With this as my point of departure, I put forward two research questions: the first concerns the direct influence of regime type on people's attitudes; the second seeks to trace the contours of the regime types by arguing that both social expenditure and welfare attitudes are products of a country's institutional arrangements. These questions are answered through regression modelling and by examining the interplay between welfare attitudes, social expenditure, and welfare regimes. First, we see that there are significant differences in aggregated attitudes between countries belonging to the Liberal and the Conservative regimes, with the former's citizens holding more rightist views than those of the latter. This is explained by the history and organization of welfare benefits of the two variations of Esping-Andersen's classification. Second, by graphing welfare attitudes against social expenditure the outline of the three regime types mentioned above may be seen. Similar correspondence is not found with regards to an Eastern European category. All in all, this study renders some support for the regime argument.
Descriptors: Foreign Countries, Expenditures, Social Indicators, Social Systems, Cross Cultural Studies, Political Attitudes, Sociometric Techniques, Comparative Analysis, Surveys, Correlation, Public Policy, Policy Analysis, Welfare Services, Public Opinion
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
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Identifiers - Location: Europe