ERIC Number: EJ919957
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
What Does It Mean to Be a Good Teacher and Clinical Supervisor in Medical Education?
Stenfors-Hayes, Terese; Hult, Hakan; Dahlgren, Lars Owe
Advances in Health Sciences Education, v16 n2 p197-210 May 2011
The aim of this study was to describe the different ways medical teachers understand what constitutes a good teacher and a good clinical supervisor and what similarities and differences they report between them. Data was gathered through interviews with 39 undergraduate teachers at a medical university. The transcripts were analysed using a phenomenographic approach. Three categories regarding what it means to be a good teacher and clinical supervisor respectively were identified. Similarities between the two hierarchies were seen with the most inclusive categories of understanding what it means to be a good teacher or supervisor focuses on students' learning or growth. In the third category a good teacher and supervisor is seen as someone who conveys knowledge or shows how things are done. However, the role of being a clinical supervisor was perceived as containing a clearer focus on professional development and role modelling than the teacher role did. This is shown in the middle category where a good clinical supervisor is understood as a role model and someone who shares what it is like to be a doctor. The middle category of understanding what it means to be a good teacher instead focussing on the teacher as someone who responds to students' content requests in a partially student-centred perspective. In comparing the ways individual respondents understood the two roles, this study also implies that teachers appear to compartmentalise their roles as teachers and clinical supervisors respectively.
Descriptors: Medical Education, Role Models, Teacher Effectiveness, Teacher Role, Clinical Experience, Supervisors, Interviews, Undergraduate Students, Higher Education, Academic Achievement, Faculty Development
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Authoring Institution: N/A