ERIC Number: EJ919843
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 49
The Academic Experience of Male High School Students with ADHD
Kent, Kristine M.; Pelham, William E.; Molina, Brooke S. G.; Sibley, Margaret H.; Waschbusch, Daniel A.; Yu, Jihnhee; Gnagy, Elizabeth M.; Biswas, Aparajita; Babinski, Dara E.; Karch, Kathryn M.
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n3 p451-462 Apr 2011
This study compared the high school academic experience of adolescents with and without childhood ADHD using data from the Pittsburgh ADHD Longitudinal Study (PALS). Participants were 326 males with childhood ADHD and 213 demographically similar males without ADHD who were recruited at the start of the follow-up study. Data were collected yearly from parents, teachers and schools. The current study used assessment points at which the participants were currently in or had recently completed grades 9, 10, 11, and 12. Results indicated that adolescents with ADHD experienced significant academic impairment in high school relative to comparison adolescents, including lower overall and main academic subject grade point averages (GPA), lower levels of class placement (e.g. remedial vs. honors), and higher rates of course failure. In addition, teacher reports indicated that adolescents with ADHD completed and turned in a significantly lower percentage of assignments and were significantly less likely to be working up to their potential. Adolescents with ADHD were also significantly more likely to be absent or tardy during the academic year, and they were over eight times more likely than adolescents without ADHD to drop out of high school. These findings demonstrate that children with ADHD continue to experience severe academic impairment into high school.
Descriptors: High School Students, At Risk Students, Dropouts, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Adolescents, Followup Studies, Males, Student Experience, Comparative Analysis, Academic Achievement, Longitudinal Studies, Teachers, Parents, Grades (Scholastic), Grade Point Average, Student Placement, Academic Failure, Educational Environment, Attendance Patterns
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A