ERIC Number: EJ919814
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 65
Estimated Prevalence of Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder in a Sample of Panamanian School-Aged Children
Sanchez, Emelyn Y.; Velarde, Silvia; Britton, Gabrielle B.
Child Psychiatry and Human Development, v42 n2 p243-255 Apr 2011
The present study investigated the prevalence of ADHD in a school sample of children ages 6-11 years in the city of Panama. The assessment battery included the Conners' Parent and Teacher Rating Scales, the Structured Developmental History of the Behavioral Assessment System for Children (BASC-2), and the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-III). The prevalence of ADHD (N = 229) was 7.4%, with an estimate of 1.8% for the predominantly inattentive subtype, 3.1% for the predominantly hyperactive/impulsive subtype, and 2.6% for the combined subtype. The prevalence rate of ADHD is relatively low in Panama compared to those reported for samples in neighboring countries. Moreover, ADHD children were unlikely to have been identified or referred to psychological or special education assessments. Our findings confirm that ADHD is overlooked in some cultures and that a significant number of children with ADHD-related impairments are not receiving optimal intervention.
Descriptors: Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Intelligence, Teacher Evaluation, Incidence, Test Validity, Rating Scales, Foreign Countries, Children, Cross Cultural Studies, Cultural Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Panama
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Conners Rating Scales; Conners Teacher Rating Scale; Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children