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ERIC Number: EJ919643
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 16
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 43
ISSN: ISSN-1475-939X
Learning Methods for Teacher Education: The Use of Online Discussions to Improve Critical Thinking
Szabo, Zsuzsanna; Schwartz, Jonathan
Technology, Pedagogy and Education, v20 n1 p79-94 2011
Results from this study show that the use of online discussion forums as an instructional tool in a face-to-face course improved undergraduate preservice teachers' critical thinking skills. Participants in the study were 93 students registered in four sections of an Educational Psychology course at a Midwestern university. To control for learning preferences, all participants in the study took the Canfield Learning Style Inventory as a pre-test. Students also completed the Ennis-Weir Test of Critical Thinking as pre- and post-tests. In two of the four sections students used the Blackboard virtual learning environment to complete weekly discussions on course topics as part of their regular coursework. Quantitative analysis results from the critical thinking measure showed an increase in students' critical thinking skills over the course of the semester. The analysis of online postings demonstrates an increase in higher order thinking skills as measured with a rubric based on Bloom's taxonomy. Quantitative and qualitative analyses are presented along with implications for teaching and learning. (Contains 4 tables.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A