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ERIC Number: EJ919538
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-1061-1932
The Household Registration System, Education System, and Inequalities in Education for Migrant Children
Jianwen, Wei; Jiawei, Hou
Chinese Education and Society, v43 n5 p77-89 Sep-Oct 2010
In mainland China, the "hukou" (household registration) system and the education system bound to it are two institutional sources that cause educational inequality for the children of migrant populations. By means of analyses of these institutions, this article posits that although the present "hukou" system has yet to be relaxed, reforms of the education system have to a certain extent alleviated the educational inequalities for the children of migrant populations, although many problems still exist. Based on a 2006 survey of 1 percent of the migrant population in Beijing, this study finds that enrollments of the children of migrants have substantially increased and inequality in terms of the starting point of education has declined in the elementary school phase due to reforms of the educational system, but the enrollment age has lagged and children are unable to obtain school education when they reach school age. The enrollment rate is still low in the junior secondary school stage, and the starting point of education is gravely unequal. In the senior secondary school stage, rigidity of the "hukou" and college entrance exam systems makes it very difficult for migrant children to obtain an education in the localities to which they have migrated. (Contains 1 note, 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: China