ERIC Number: EJ919446
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jul
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Development of Implicit and Explicit Category Learning
Huang-Pollock, Cynthia L.; Maddox, W. Todd; Karalunas, Sarah L.
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v109 n3 p321-335 Jul 2011
We present two studies that examined developmental differences in the implicit and explicit acquisition of category knowledge. College-attending adults consistently outperformed school-age children on two separate information-integration paradigms due to children's more frequent use of an explicit rule-based strategy. Accuracy rates were also higher for adults on a unidimensional rule-based task due to children's more frequent use of the irrelevant dimension to guide their behavior. Results across these two studies suggest that the ability to learn categorization structures may be dependent on a child's ability to inhibit output from the explicit system.
Descriptors: Classification, Age Differences, Individual Development, Models, Children, Adults, Comparative Analysis, Behavior
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A