ERIC Number: EJ919443
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Effects of Physical Activity on Children's Executive Function: Contributions of Experimental Research on Aerobic Exercise
Best, John R.
Developmental Review, v30 n4 p331-351 Dec 2010
Executive function refers to the cognitive processes necessary for goal-directed cognition and behavior, which develop across childhood and adolescence. Recent experimental research indicates that both acute and chronic aerobic exercise promote children's executive function. Furthermore, there is tentative evidence that not all forms of aerobic exercise benefit executive function equally: Cognitively-engaging exercise appears to have a stronger effect than non-engaging exercise on children's executive function. This review discusses this evidence as well as the mechanisms that may underlie the association between exercise and executive function. Research from a variety of disciplines is covered, including developmental psychology, kinesiology, cognitive neuroscience, and biopsychology. Finally, these experimental findings are placed within the larger context of known links between action and cognition in infancy and early childhood, and the clinical and practical implications of this research are discussed.
Descriptors: Exercise, Children, Developmental Psychology, Cognitive Processes, Behavior, Experimental Psychology, Infants, Early Childhood Education, Research, Physical Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Authoring Institution: N/A