ERIC Number: EJ919421
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
What Neural Substrates Trigger the Adept Scientific Pattern Discovery by Biologists?
Lee, Jun-Ki; Kwon, Yong-Ju
Journal of Science Education and Technology, v20 n2 p117-122 Apr 2011
This study investigated the neural correlates of experts and novices during biological object pattern detection using an fMRI approach in order to reveal the neural correlates of a biologist's superior pattern discovery ability. Sixteen healthy male participants (8 biologists and 8 non-biologists) volunteered for the study. Participants were shown fifteen series of organism pictures and asked to detect patterns amid stimulus pictures. Primary findings showed significant activations in the right middle temporal gyrus and inferior parietal lobule amongst participants in the biologist (expert) group. Interestingly, the left superior temporal gyrus was activated in participants from the non-biologist (novice) group. These results suggested that superior pattern discovery ability could be related to a functional facilitation of the parieto-temporal network, which is particularly driven by the right middle temporal gyrus and inferior parietal lobule in addition to the recruitment of additional brain regions. Furthermore, the functional facilitation of the network might actually pertain to high coherent processing skills and visual working memory capacity. Hence, study results suggested that adept scientific thinking ability can be detected by neuronal substrates, which may be used as criteria for developing and evaluating a brain-based science curriculum and test instrument.
Descriptors: Short Term Memory, Brain, Cognitive Processes, Science Curriculum, Investigations, Biology, Neurology, Males, Pattern Recognition, Neurological Organization, Visual Stimuli, Science Education, Scientists
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A