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ERIC Number: EJ919139
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 14
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 34
ISSN: ISSN-1042-1629
Self-Regulation of Motivation when Learning Online: The Importance of Who, Why and How
Sansone, Carol; Fraughton, Tamra; Zachary, Joseph L.; Butner, Jonathan; Heiner, Cecily
Educational Technology Research and Development, v59 n2 p199-212 Apr 2011
Successful online students must learn and maintain motivation to learn. The Self-regulation of Motivation (SRM) model (Sansone and Thoman 2005) suggests two kinds of motivation are essential: Goals-defined (i.e., value and expectancy of learning), and experience-defined (i.e., whether interesting). The Regulating Motivation and Performance Online (RMAPO) project examines implications using online HTML lessons. Initial project results suggested that adding usefulness information (enhancing goals-defined motivation) predicted higher engagement levels (enhancing experience), which in turn predicted motivation (interest) and performance (HTML quiz) outcomes. The present paper examined whether individual interest in computers moderated these results. When provided the utility value information, students with higher (relative to lower) individual interest tended to display higher engagement levels, especially when usefulness was framed in terms of personal versus organizational applications. In contrast, higher engagement levels continued to positively predict outcomes regardless of individual interest. We discuss implications for designing optimal online learning environments.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A