ERIC Number: EJ919024
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-May
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Contrasting Effects of Vocabulary Knowledge on Temporal and Parietal Brain Structure across Lifespan
Richardson, Fiona M.; Thomas, Michael S. C.; Filippi, Roberto; Harth, Helen; Price, Cathy J.
Journal of Cognitive Neuroscience, v22 n5 p943-954 May 2010
Using behavioral, structural, and functional imaging techniques, we demonstrate contrasting effects of vocabulary knowledge on temporal and parietal brain structure in 47 healthy volunteers who ranged in age from 7 to 73 years. In the left posterior supramarginal gyrus, vocabulary knowledge was positively correlated with gray matter density in teenagers but not adults. This region was not activated during auditory or visual sentence processing, and activation was unrelated to vocabulary skills. Its gray matter density may reflect the use of an explicit learning strategy that links new words to lexical or conceptual equivalents, as used in formal education and second language acquisition. By contrast, in left posterior temporal regions, gray matter as well as auditory and visual sentence activation correlated with vocabulary knowledge throughout lifespan. We propose that these effects reflect the acquisition of vocabulary through context, when new words are learnt within the context of semantically and syntactically related words.
Descriptors: Sentences, Learning Strategies, Brain, Vocabulary Skills, Vocabulary Development, Language Acquisition, Correlation, Age Differences, Language Processing, Comparative Analysis, Science Education, Children, Adolescents, Adults
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
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