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ERIC Number: EJ919012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Dec
Pages: 27
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 73
ISSN: ISSN-0037-7732
Shadow Education, American Style: Test Preparation, the SAT and College Enrollment
Buchmann, Claudia; Condron, Dennis J.; Roscigno, Vincent J.
Social Forces, v89 n2 p435-461 Dec 2010
Cross-national research finds that "shadow education"--educational activities outside of formal schooling--tends to confer advantages on already privileged students. Shadow education in the United States, such as test prep for college entrance exams, has received considerably less attention. Drawing on the National Education Longitudinal Study, we analyze the likelihood of participation in, and the implications of, SAT preparation. Social class inequalities in test preparation, particularly costly SAT courses and private tutoring, are notable and have at least moderate consequences for SAT scores and selective college enrollment. We also find racial/ethnic variations in the use of test preparation. We consider the implications of these findings for understanding shadow education, stratification and educational mobility in the United States. (Contains 6 notes, 2 figures and 4 tables.)
University of North Carolina Press. 116 South Boundary Street, P.O. Box 2288, Chapel Hill, NC 27515-2288. Tel: 800-848-6224; Tel: 919-966-7449; Fax: 919-962-2704; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: High Schools; Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: SAT (College Admission Test)