ERIC Number: EJ918717
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Dissociation in Middle Childhood among Foster Children with Early Maltreatment Experiences
Hulette, Annmarie C.; Freyd, Jennifer J.; Fisher, Philip A.
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v35 n2 p123-126 Feb 2011
Objective: This study examined levels of dissociation in school-aged foster children who had been maltreated before age 5. Method: Data were collected from 118 children (age in years: M=9.34, SD=1.02) and their caregivers. Chi-Square and ANOVA were used to compare foster children (n=67) to community comparison children (n=51). Regression analyses examined predictors of dissociation for the foster children. Results: The foster children showed significantly higher levels of dissociation than the control children. Within the foster care group, number of placement transitions, female gender, and maltreatment subtype significantly predicted dissociation. Conclusions: The foster children were more dissociative than the control children. The finding that children who had experienced all types of abuse and who had experienced physical abuse with emotional maltreatment and neglect showed the highest levels of dissociation is consistent with findings from previous research. Practice implications: The findings from this study suggest that maltreated girls and children with specific maltreatment profiles are at increased risk for dissociation. Further, as number of foster placements appears to contribute to dissociation, child welfare professionals should consider this factor during placement transitions.
Descriptors: Placement, Child Welfare, Caregivers, Child Abuse, Foster Care, Comparative Analysis, Regression (Statistics), Females, Prediction, Control Groups, At Risk Persons, Personality Problems, Profiles, Gender Differences
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A