ERIC Number: EJ918709
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Are Gross Motor Skills and Sports Participation Related in Children with Intellectual Disabilities?
Westendorp, Marieke; Houwen, Suzanne; Hartman, Esther; Visscher, Chris
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v32 n3 p1147-1153 May-Jun 2011
This study compared the specific gross motor skills of 156 children with intellectual disabilities (ID) (50 less than or equal to IQ greater than or equal to 79) with that of 255 typically developing children, aged 7-12 years. Additionally, the relationship between the specific gross motor skills and organized sports participation was examined in both groups. The Test of Gross Motor Development-2 and a self-report measure were used to assess children's gross motor skills and sports participation, respectively. The children with ID scored significantly lower on almost all specific motor skill items than the typically developing children. Children with mild ID scored lower on the locomotor skills than children with borderline ID. Furthermore, we found in all groups that children with higher object-control scores participated more in organized sports than children with lower object-control scores. Our results support the importance of attention for well-developed gross motor skills in children with borderline and mild ID, especially to object-control skills, which might contribute positively to their sports participation.
Descriptors: Athletics, Mental Retardation, Psychomotor Skills, Motor Development, Participation, Children, Intelligence Quotient
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A