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ERIC Number: EJ918690
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
ISSN: ISSN-0891-4222
Self-Injurious Behavior in People with Profound Intellectual Disabilities: A Meta-Analysis of Single-Case Studies
Denis, Jo; Van den Noortgate, Wim; Maes, Bea
Research in Developmental Disabilities: A Multidisciplinary Journal, v32 n3 p911-923 May-Jun 2011
The limitations people with profound intellectual disabilities experience in functioning contribute to a vulnerability to self-injurious behavior. Since this problem behavior has important negative consequences for people concerned, examining the effectiveness of treatments is important. In the current meta-analysis, single-case studies investigating non-aversive, non-intrusive forms of reinforcement were combined using hierarchical linear models. This analysis revealed that the average effect of treatment was relatively large and statistically significant. Further, significant variance was observed between both studies and participants. In addition, some evidence was found for a moderator effect of sensory impairment. Finally, no statistically significant moderator effects of medication, motor impairment, setting, age, gender, matching of treatment with behavioral function and contingency were found.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A