ERIC Number: EJ918514
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
Is Education for Patriotism Morally Required, Permitted or Unacceptable?
Studies in Philosophy and Education, v30 n2 p127-140 Mar 2011
If patriotism is morally unacceptable, as some philosophers believe, then also education for patriotism cannot be tolerated, although some other non-moral reasons might be in favour of such education. However, it seems that not all types of patriotism can be convincingly rejected as morally unacceptable. Even more, if MacIntyre's claim is correct that patriotism is not only a virtue but also the foundation of morality (since we can understand and adopt moral rules only in the particular version in which they are endorsed by our community), then schools ought to cultivate patriotism. For, in this context, patriotism (understood as a moral duty, a duty to show special concern for one's country and compatriots) is morally required. But if this claim is mistaken and some sorts of patriotism are at best only morally allowed, as Primoratz argues, then schools are not obliged to cultivate patriotism. Although they are not required to cultivate it, they may promote morally acceptable types of patriotism such as "moderate patriotism" (Nathanson), "constitutional patriotism" (Habermas), "republican patriotism" (Viroli) and "cosmopolitan patriotism" (Appiah). And the contrary, extreme patriotism which leads to hostility towards other countries, international tensions and conflicts should not be promoted in schools. Therefore, the answer to the question as to whether education for patriotism is morally required, permitted or unacceptable depends on which kind of patriotism is being discussed.
Descriptors: Political Issues, Moral Values, Patriotism, Definitions, Educational Philosophy, Educational Theories, Role of Education, Politics of Education, Educational Policy, Citizenship Education
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
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