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ERIC Number: EJ918101
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2008
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0028-3932
Genetics and Mathematics: Evidence from Prader-Willi Syndrome
Semenza, Carlo; Pignatti, Riccardo; Bertella, Laura; Ceriani, Francesca; Mori, Ileana; Molinari, Enrico; Giardino, Daniela; Malvestiti, Francesca; Grugni, Graziano
Neuropsychologia, v46 n1 p206-212 2008
Mathematical abilities were tested in people with Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS), using a series of basic mathematical tasks for which normative data are available. The difference between the deletion and the disomy variants of this condition was explored. While a wide phenotypic variation was found, some basic findings emerge clearly. As expected from previous literature, deletion and disomy participants were found to differ in their degree of impairment, with disomy being overall the most spared condition. However, the tasks selectively spared in the disomy condition are not necessarily the easiest ones and those that discriminate less the PWS group from controls. It rather seems that disomy patients are spared, with respect to deletion, in tasks entailing transcoding and comparison of numbers in the Arabic code. Overall a particular difficulty was detected in reliably performing parity judgments. This task has been shown to be very frequently spared after a brain injury, even in severe aphasic conditions. The most interesting result is the sparing in analog number scale, whereby PWS seem, overall, to outperform controls. This finding may help in understanding previously reported, surprising results about cognitive skills in PWS. Elevated performances in PWS may result from life-long hyper-reliance on one visuo-spatial system in presence of underdevelopment of the other.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A