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ERIC Number: EJ918012
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Pages: 20
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
ISSN: ISSN-0162-3737
Who Benefits from Kindergarten? Evidence from the Introduction of State Subsidization
Dhuey, Elizabeth
Educational Evaluation and Policy Analysis, v33 n1 p3-22 Mar 2011
Over the past 70 years, all states in the United States began to publicly subsidize kindergarten using state revenue. The variation in adoption dates across states allows for a unique opportunity to measure the effectiveness of the largest early education program implemented in recent history. The significant, immediate increase in the availability of kindergarten within a state is used to identify the effect of enrollment in kindergarten. Hispanic children, non-English speakers, children from immigrant households, and children of low socioeconomic status benefit the most from the increased availability of kindergarten. Hispanic children with access to kindergarten are 17% less likely to be below grade for their age and earn wages 5% higher as adults. (Contains 29 notes, 6 tables, and 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education; Kindergarten
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: United States