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ERIC Number: EJ917978
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 7
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 12
ISSN: ISSN-0022-4391
Are School Vending Machines Loaded with Calories and Fat: An Assessment of 106 Middle and High Schools
Pasch, Keryn E.; Lytle, Leslie A.; Samuelson, Anne C.; Farbakhsh, Kian; Kubik, Martha Y.; Patnode, Carrie D.
Journal of School Health, v81 n4 p212-218 Apr 2011
Background: The purpose of this study was to describe the extent to which vending offerings in 106 schools in the St. Paul-Minneapolis, Minnesota metropolitan area, met criteria for types of beverages, fat, and calories based on selected criteria offered by the Institute of Medicine. Methods: Schools where youth participants were attending for the 2006-2007 school year were identified and invited to participate in the study (n = 143); 81% of schools (n = 116) agreed to participate. Results: Of the 116 schools, 106 had vending machines. Across schools with vending machines (n = 106), 5085 food and 8442 beverage items were offered. Overall, only 18% of beverage items met criteria for calories and type of beverage; significantly more items in public schools met the criteria as compared to private schools (19% vs 12%; p less than 0.01). This difference was also significant for high schools as compared to middle schools (18% vs 22%; p less than 0.01). For food items, 41% met calorie criteria, 45% met fat criteria, and 22% met both fat and calorie criteria. Significantly more food items met both criteria in public than private schools (22% vs 18%; p = 0.01), while high schools (22%) and middle schools (21%) were similar. A very small proportion of foods (less than 5%) would have met the full criteria suggested by the Institute of Medicine for competitive foods. Conclusion: Overall, foods and beverages offered in vending machines continue to be high in fat and calories. Public schools are doing a slightly better job of providing healthy foods as compared to private schools. (Contains 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: High Schools; Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Minnesota