ERIC Number: EJ917924
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 18
Brief Report: Memory Performance on the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version in Autism Spectrum Disorder
Phelan, Heather L.; Filliter, Jillian H.; Johnson, Shannon A.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n4 p518-523 Apr 2011
According to the Task Support Hypothesis (TSH; Bowler et al. in Neuropsychologia 35:65-70, 1997) individuals with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) perform more similarly to their typically developing peers on learning and memory tasks when provided with external support at retrieval. We administered the California Verbal Learning Test-Children's Version to 15 high-functioning youths with ASD and 15 matched comparison participants. Although ASD and comparison participants had comparable levels of overall performance, the ASD group, but not the comparison group, improved significantly from free to cued recall, providing support for the TSH. These results indicate that verbal memory performance in youths with ASD is relatively intact, but may be facilitated by external supports.
Descriptors: Autism, Verbal Learning, Memory, Memorization, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Comparative Analysis, Cues, Recall (Psychology)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: California Verbal Learning Test for Children