ERIC Number: EJ917676
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 44
A Longitudinal Examination of the Bidirectional Associations among Perceived Parenting Behaviors, Adolescent Disclosure and Problem Behavior across the High School Years
Willoughby, Teena; Hamza, Chloe A.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v40 n4 p463-478 Apr 2011
This longitudinal study investigated the importance of parental monitoring to the deterrence of adolescent problem behavior by examining bidirectional associations among perceived parental monitoring, adolescent disclosure and problem behaviors across the high school years. Adolescents (N = 2,941; 50.3% female) were surveyed each year from grades 9 through 12. There was a reciprocal association between problem behavior and parental knowledge, such that higher parental knowledge predicted reduced problem behavior over time and higher problem behavior in turn predicted lower parental knowledge. It was adolescent disclosure that predicted parental knowledge, however, rather than parental monitoring behaviors. Parental control was a direct deterrent of problem behavior over time, and time spent engaged in family fun activities demonstrated indirect links to problem behavior, particularly through parental control and adolescent disclosure. Importantly, these effects were invariant across grade. Overall, these findings suggest a "family-centered process", rather than primarily a youth-driven or parent-driven process, in the prediction of problem behavior.
Descriptors: Adolescents, Longitudinal Studies, Parenting Styles, Child Rearing, Self Disclosure (Individuals), Behavior Problems, High School Students, Prevention, Surveys, Correlation, Knowledge Level, Family Involvement
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 10; Grade 11; Grade 12; Grade 9; High Schools
Authoring Institution: N/A