ERIC Number: EJ917675
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 45
"My Child Is Shy and Has No Friends: What Does Parenting Have to Do with It?"
Miller, Scott R.; Tserakhava, Volha; Miller, Carlin J.
Journal of Youth and Adolescence, v40 n4 p442-452 Apr 2011
Accumulating evidence suggests that parents may react differentially to children based on their children's temperament, children's gender, and the interaction of these factors. Furthermore, parents' differential reactions to their children have direct implications for their children's social success. The present study assessed the moderating influence of mothers' and fathers' psychological control on the relationship between shy temperament and peer exclusion in grade five children (n = 153; 57% female), an age during which peer connections are particularly salient. Teachers reported on children's shyness and peer exclusion, and children reported on parents' psychological control. Regression analyses showed fathers' psychological control to be associated with greater peer exclusion for males. Both mothers' and fathers' psychological control were associated with peer exclusion for shy females. Results suggest the importance of parents considering how psychologically controlling behaviors may work in concert with their children's gender and temperament in influencing peer connections during the adolescent transition.
Descriptors: Mothers, Parent Child Relationship, Personality Traits, Friendship, Child Rearing, Parenting Styles, Child Psychology, Fathers, Gender Differences, Interaction, Social Development, Psychological Patterns, Social Isolation, Peer Relationship, Grade 5
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 5
Authoring Institution: N/A