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ERIC Number: EJ917046
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Pages: 6
Abstractor: ERIC
Reference Count: 19
ISSN: ISSN-0034-0561
Using Cognates to Scaffold Context Clue Strategies for Latino ELs
Montelongo, Jose A.; Hernandez, Anita C.; Herter, Roberta J.; Cuello, Jaime
Reading Teacher, v64 n6 p429-434 Mar 2011
Latino English learners (ELs) come to elementary classrooms with many English-Spanish cognates in their listening, speaking, reading, and writing vocabularies. Cognates are words that are orthographically, semantically, and syntactically similar in two languages because of a shared etymology. Some cognates are identical in both English and Spanish, as in the case of "hospital/hospital". Other cognates, such as "cat/gato", are not as obvious. Teachers can use the rich linguistic backgrounds Latino ELs bring to their classes to scaffold the learning of using-the-context strategies. Teachers can show their Latino ELs to use English-Spanish cognates to guess at the meanings of unknown words, thereby increasing both comprehension and vocabulary knowledge. The authors offer teaching tips about cognates and describe resources that can help teachers incorporate cognates into their instruction. (Contains 2 figures.)
International Reading Association. 800 Barksdale Road, P.O. Box 8139, Newark, DE 19714-8139. Tel: 800-336-7323; Fax: 302-731-1057; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Elementary Education; Grade 4
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A