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ERIC Number: EJ916962
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-1750-9467
Do Children with ASD Use Referential Gaze to Learn the Name of an Object? An Eye-Tracking Study
Akechi, Hironori; Senju, Atsushi; Kikuchi, Yukiko; Tojo, Yoshikuni; Osanai, Hiroo; Hasegawa, Toshikazu
Research in Autism Spectrum Disorders, v5 n3 p1230-1242 Jul-Sep 2011
Children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) are reported to have difficulty in learning novel word-object associations in case of discrepancy between objects in the speaker's focus and their focus (the discrepant condition). Two eye-tracking experiments investigated this difficulty by controlling and recording children's gaze fixation. In Experiment 1's discrepant condition, typically developing (TD) children (age: 6-11 years) mapped the novel word to the novel object in the speaker's focus more frequently than children with ASD (age: 6-11 years). Additionally, the former looked at the object in the speaker's focus longer than the object in their own focus, while the latter looked at these objects for the same duration. In Experiment 2, the saliency of the object in the speaker's focus was enhanced and children with ASD (age: 6-12 years) mapped the word to the object in the speaker's focus as well as TD children (age: 6-12 years). Moreover, they looked at the object in the speaker's focus longer than the object in their focus. Comparison between experiments also confirmed improvement in performance, suggesting that the duration of gaze at an object in the speaker's focus is related to difficulty in referential word learning in children with ASD. (Contains 6 figures and 1 table.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A