ERIC Number: EJ916899
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Kappa Opioid Receptors Mediate where Fear Is Expressed Following Extinction Training
Cole, Sindy; Richardson, Rick; McNally, Gavan P.
Learning & Memory, v18 n2 p88-95 Feb 2011
Six experiments used a within-subjects renewal design to examine the involvement of kappa opioid receptors (KORs) in regulating the expression and recovery of extinguished fear. Rats were trained to fear a tone conditioned stimulus (CS) via pairings with foot shock in a distinctive context (A). This was followed by extinction training of the CS in a second context (B). Finally, all rats were tested for fear to the tone in the extinction context (ABB) and the training (ABA) or a novel (ABC) context. Intracerebroventricular (ICV) infusion of the KOR antagonist nor-binaltorphimine dihydrochloride (nor-BNI) dose-dependently prevented ABA renewal of fear, but had no effect on the expression of ABC renewal, the expression of extinction, or the expression of nonextinguished fear. Conversely, pretest infusion of the KOR agonist U50,488 hydrochloride (U50,488) selectively facilitated the expression of ABA renewal and had no effect on the expression of extinction. Pretest infusion of nor-BNI had no effect on the expression of context-specific latent inhibition. Collectively, these results suggest that KORs gate the expression of fear following extinction training and may comprise a critical neuropeptide component of the circuitry underlying context-dependent expression of fear.
Descriptors: Stimuli, Conditioning, Fear, Brain Hemisphere Functions, Animals, Drug Use, Inhibition, Cognitive Processes
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
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