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ERIC Number: EJ916224
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 32
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0272-4316
Role Model Behavior and Youth Violence: A Study of Positive and Negative Effects
Hurd, Noelle M.; Zimmerman, Marc A.; Reischl, Thomas M.
Journal of Early Adolescence, v31 n2 p323-354 Apr 2011
The study investigated how role models' behavior may positively or negatively influence African American early adolescents' attitudes toward violence and violent behavior. Participants in this study included 331 African American seventh and eighth graders from low-income neighborhoods in an urban, Midwestern city. The study used a model developed and tested to assess the relationships between role model prosocial behavior, role model antisocial behavior, adolescents' attitudes toward violence, and adolescents' violent behavior. The model developed was assessed using structural equation modeling. Results revealed the following: (a) Role model prosocial behavior is indirectly related to less violent behavior through adolescents' attitudes toward violence, (b) role model antisocial behavior is directly linked to increased violent behavior and indirectly linked to increased violent behavior through adolescents' attitudes toward violence, and (c) role model antisocial behavior appear to have a stronger effect on African American early adolescents' violent behavior than role model prosocial behavior. Possible explanations for study findings and implications are discussed. (Contains 3 tables and 3 figures.)
SAGE Publications. 2455 Teller Road, Thousand Oaks, CA 91320. Tel: 800-818-7243; Tel: 805-499-9774; Fax: 800-583-2665; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Grade 8
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A