ERIC Number: EJ915813
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
Restorative Justice Scripts in Ursula K. Le Guin's "Voices"
Oziewicz, Marek C.
Children's Literature in Education, v42 n1 p33-43 Mar 2011
This essay examines restorative justice scripting in "Voices", the second volume of Ursula K. Le Guin's "Annals of the Western Shore." Narrated by a rape-child, "Voices" is the story of an occupied city-state and of how the conquered and the conquerors negotiate a formula for peaceful coexistence. They are able to do so by enacting a restorative justice script. Their use of the mediation of an outsider, the wandering poet Orrec, is not unlike the use of trained mediators in victim-offender mediation programmes that operate within the restorative justice paradigm. The steps envisioned by justice scripting in "Voices" correspond to five general elements of the restorative justice encounter as outlined in Capeheart and Milovanovic's model. Finally, the resolution of the conflict in the novel is centrally concerned with the reintegration of victims and offenders, involving the elements of a successful resolution in the restorative justice paradigm: apology, behavioural change, restitution and generosity. Generalizing from the example of "Voices", it is argued that, in their capacity to generate ideas and feelings about justice, works of fantasy and science fiction evoke and provide what Schank calls "scripts," thus inviting readers to consider justice imperatives in the real world by means of the cognitive scripting of acts in the fictional worlds.
Descriptors: Scripts, Fantasy, Models, Science Fiction, Conflict Resolution, Behavior Change, Theater Arts, Essays
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A