ERIC Number: EJ915762
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: N/A
Effects of a Theory-Based Audio HIV/AIDS Intervention for Illiterate Rural Females in Amhara, Ethiopia
Bogale, Gebeyehu W.; Boer, Henk; Seydel, Erwin R.
AIDS Education and Prevention, v23 n1 p25-37 Feb 2011
In Ethiopia the level of illiteracy in rural areas is very high. In this study, we investigated the effects of an audio HIV/AIDS prevention intervention targeted at rural illiterate females. In the intervention we used social-oriented presentation formats, such as discussion between similar females and role-play. In a pretest and posttest experimental study with an intervention group (n = 210) and control group (n = 210), we investigated the effects on HIV/AIDS knowledge and social cognitions. The intervention led to significant and relevant increases in HIV/AIDS knowledge, self-efficacy, perceived vulnerability to HIV/AIDS infection, response efficacy of condoms and condom use intention. In the intervention group, self-efficacy at posttest was the main determinant of condom use intention, with also a significant contribution of vulnerability. We conclude that audio HIV/AIDS prevention interventions can play an important role in empowering rural illiterate females in the prevention of HIV/AIDS.
Descriptors: Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (AIDS), Control Groups, Role Playing, Intervention, Females, Self Efficacy, Prevention, Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Illiteracy, Intention, Rural Areas, Social Cognition, Pretests Posttests, Contraception, Health Education, Audio Equipment
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Ethiopia