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ERIC Number: EJ915653
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Apr
Pages: 18
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0749-596X
The Misinformation Effect Revisited: Interactions between Spontaneous Memory Processes and Misleading Suggestions
Pansky, Ainat; Tenenboim, Einat; Bar, Sarah Kate
Journal of Memory and Language, v64 n3 p270-287 Apr 2011
Recent findings indicate that retained information tends to converge at the basic level (BL). The aim of the present study was to apply these findings to the investigation of misinformation phenomena. In three experiments, we examined the extent to which the contaminating effects of misinformation are influenced by its consistency with the accessible representation of the original information. Following different retention intervals, participants were misled with items that either shared the same BL with the target items (Same-BL condition) or did not (Different-BL condition). Misinformation was found to interfere with subsequent correct recall of event information only in the Same-BL condition. Suggestibility was more pronounced and more affected by the timing of misinformation presentation in the Same-BL condition. Moreover, Same-BL distortions were more often misattributed to the event than Different-BL distortions. These findings are interpreted in terms of the interaction between the misinformation and the accessible (BL) representations of the event information at the time the misinformation is introduced. (Contains 6 figures and 3 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A