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ERIC Number: EJ915638
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Pages: 13
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
ISSN: ISSN-0022-0965
Toddlers Benefit from Labeling on an Executive Function Search Task
Miller, Stephanie E.; Marcovitch, Stuart
Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, v108 n3 p580-592 Mar 2011
Although labeling improves executive function (EF) performance in children older than 3 years, the results from studies with younger children have been equivocal. In the current study, we assessed performance in a computerized multistep multilocation search task with older 2-year-olds. The correct search location was either (a) not marked by a familiar picture or given a distinct label, (b) marked by a familiar picture but not given a distinct label, (c) marked by a familiar picture and labeled by the experimenter, or (d) marked by a familiar picture and labeled by the participant. The results revealed that accuracy improved across conditions such that children made the fewest errors when they generated the label for the hiding location. These findings support the hierarchical competing systems model, which postulates that improved performance can be explained by more powerful representations that guide search behavior. (Contains 4 tables and 3 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Early Childhood Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A