ERIC Number: EJ915603
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Jan
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
The Relationship between Time Spent Living with Kin and Adolescent Functioning in Youth with a History of Out-of-Home Placement
Taussig, Heather N.; Clyman, Robert B.
Child Abuse & Neglect: The International Journal, v35 n1 p78-86 Jan 2011
Objective: Many children in the US who are court-ordered to live in out-of-home care are placed with kinship caregivers. Few studies have examined the impact of living with kin on child well-being. This study examined the relationship between length of time living with kin and indices of adolescent well-being in a cohort of children who were initially court-ordered into out-of-home care. Methods: Prospective cohort design with 148 youth, ages 7-12, who entered out-of-home care between May, 1990, and October, 1991. Seventy-five percent of those interviewed at T1 (6 months following placement) were interviewed at T2 (5 years later). Results: Bivariate analyses did not demonstrate significant relationships between length of time living with kin and the outcome variables. In multivariate analyses, longer length of time living with kin was related to: (1) greater involvement in risk behaviors including: delinquency (beta = 0.22, p less than 0.05), sexual risk behaviors (beta = 0.31, p less than 0.05), substance use (beta = 0.26, p less than 0.05), and total risk behaviors (beta = 0.27, p less than 0.05), and (2) poorer life-course outcomes including: Tickets/Arrests (OR = 1.4, p less than 0.05) and lower grades (beta = -0.24, p less than 0.05). Time living with kin was not related to total competence, or self-destructive, internalizing, externalizing, or total behavior problems. There were trends (p less than 0.10) for time living with kin to predict greater trauma symptomatology (beta = 0.17) and suspensions (OR = 1.1). Conclusions: There were no significant bivariate findings. The multivariate findings suggested a pattern of poorer functioning for youth who spent more time living with kin. No differences were found in current symptomatology. Practice implications: Although findings from a single study should not dictate changes in practice or policy, the current study's findings do suggest that the field needs to conduct more methodologically sophisticated research on the impact of kinship care. (Contains 3 tables.
Descriptors: Behavior Problems, Caregivers, Family Relationship, Placement, Foster Care, Adolescents, Court Litigation, Children, Well Being, Interviews, Multivariate Analysis, Risk, Sexual Abuse, Delinquency, Law Enforcement, Grades (Scholastic), Self Destructive Behavior, Symptoms (Individual Disorders)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A