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ERIC Number: EJ915453
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 15
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISSN: ISSN-0091-0627
The Role of Temperament and Personality in Problem Behaviors of Children with ADHD
De Pauw, Sarah S. W.; Mervielde, Ivan
Journal of Abnormal Child Psychology, v39 n2 p277-291 Feb 2011
This study describes temperament, personality, and problem behaviors in children with Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) aged 6 to 14 years. It targets differences between an ADHD sample (N=54; 43 boys) and a large community sample (N=465; 393 boys) in means and variances, psychometric properties, and covariation between traits and internalizing and externalizing problems. Parents rated their children on Buss and Plomin's and Rothbart's temperament models, a child-oriented five-factor personality model and also on problem behavior. Relative to the comparison group, children with ADHD presented with a distinct trait profile exhibiting lower means on Effortful Control, Conscientiousness, Benevolence and Emotional Stability, higher means on Emotionality, Activity, and Negative Affect, but similar levels of Surgency, Shyness, and Extraversion. Striking similarities in variances, reliabilities and, in particular, of the covariation between trait and maladjustment variables corroborate the spectrum hypothesis and suggest that comparable processes regulate problem behavior in children with and without ADHD.
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A