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ERIC Number: EJ915381
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 33
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 55
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0027-3171
A Tutorial and Case Study in Propensity Score Analysis: An Application to Estimating the Effect of In-Hospital Smoking Cessation Counseling on Mortality
Austin, Peter C.
Multivariate Behavioral Research, v46 n1 p119-151 2011
Propensity score methods allow investigators to estimate causal treatment effects using observational or nonrandomized data. In this article we provide a practical illustration of the appropriate steps in conducting propensity score analyses. For illustrative purposes, we use a sample of current smokers who were discharged alive after being hospitalized with a diagnosis of acute myocardial infarction. The exposure of interest was receipt of smoking cessation counseling prior to hospital discharge and the outcome was mortality with 3 years of hospital discharge. We illustrate the following concepts: first, how to specify the propensity score model; second, how to match treated and untreated participants on the propensity score; third, how to compare the similarity of baseline characteristics between treated and untreated participants after stratifying on the propensity score, in a sample matched on the propensity score, or in a sample weighted by the inverse probability of treatment; fourth, how to estimate the effect of treatment on outcomes when using propensity score matching, stratification on the propensity score, inverse probability of treatment weighting using the propensity score, or covariate adjustment using the propensity score. Finally, we compare the results of the propensity score analyses with those obtained using conventional regression adjustment. (Contains 4 tables and 5 figures.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site: http://www.tandf.co.uk/journals
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Canada