ERIC Number: EJ915148
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Mar
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
Brief Report: Executive Functioning in Autism Spectrum Disorders--A Gender Comparison of Response Inhibition
Lemon, Janine M.; Gargaro, Belinda; Enticott, Peter G.; Rinehart, Nicole J.
Journal of Autism and Developmental Disorders, v41 n3 p352-356 Mar 2011
Although autism spectrum disorders (ASD) affect more males than females, it is not clear whether neurobehavioural correlates of ASD are equivalent across genders. This study examined gender differences in neurobehavioural functioning in boys and girls with ASD. Participants were males with ASD (n = 10), females with ASD (n = 13), typically developing males (n = 8), and typically developing females (n = 14). Each completed the stop task, a common measure of response inhibition. Females with ASD demonstrated a significant increase in stopping time (indicating poorer inhibition). By contrast, no response inhibition impairments were evident among males with ASD. Females with ASD may have a different neurobehavioural profile, and therefore different clinical needs, when compared with males with ASD.
Descriptors: Females, Autism, Inhibition, Gender Differences, Males, Pervasive Developmental Disorders, Responses, Neurological Organization, Neurological Impairments, Comparative Analysis
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A