ERIC Number: EJ914851
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 0
Reading Achievement in Relation to Phonological Coding and Awareness in Deaf Readers: A Meta-Analysis
Mayberry, Rachel I.; del Giudice, Alex A.; Lieberman, Amy M.
Journal of Deaf Studies and Deaf Education, v16 n2 p164-188 Spr 2011
The relation between reading ability and phonological coding and awareness (PCA) skills in individuals who are severely and profoundly deaf was investigated with a meta-analysis. From an initial set of 230 relevant publications, 57 studies were analyzed that experimentally tested PCA skills in 2,078 deaf participants. Half of the studies found statistically significant evidence for PCA skills and half did not. A subset of 25 studies also tested reading proficiency and showed a wide range of effect sizes. Overall PCA skills predicted 11% of the variance in reading proficiency in the deaf participants. Other possible modulating factors, such as task type and reading grade level, did not explain the remaining variance. In 7 studies where it was measured, language ability predicted 35% of the variance in reading proficiency. These meta-analytic results indicate that PCA skills are a low to moderate predictor of reading achievement in deaf individuals and that other factors, most notably language ability, have a greater influence on reading development, as has been found to be the case in the hearing population.
Descriptors: Reading Achievement, Deafness, Effect Size, Reading Ability, Language Aptitude, Phonology, Coding, Meta Analysis, Decoding (Reading), Phonological Awareness, Statistical Significance, Severe Disabilities, Hearing (Physiology)
Oxford University Press. Great Clarendon Street, Oxford, OX2 6DP, UK. Tel: +44-1865-353907; Fax: +44-1865-353485; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org; Web site: http://jdsde.oxfordjournals.org/
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A