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ERIC Number: EJ914760
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011-Feb
Pages: 21
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 59
ISSN: ISSN-1350-4622
Development and Validation of Scales to Measure Environmental Responsibility, Character Development, and Attitudes toward School
Powell, Robert Baxter; Stern, Marc J.; Krohn, Brian D.; Ardoin, Nicole
Environmental Education Research, v17 n1 p91-111 Feb 2011
This investigation examines the use of structural equation modeling (SEM) procedures to develop and validate scales to measure environmental responsibility, character development and leadership, and attitudes toward school for environmental education programs servicing middle school children. The scales represent outcomes commonly of interest to environmental education programs and also to after-school and positive youth development activities. First, we developed the scales using confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) and then we used multi-group longitudinal CFA to cross-validate the model with data collected before participation in the environmental education program, immediately after the program, and three months later. The results support a three-factor model, producing three scales that appear to be valid and reliable. (Contains 7 tables and 1 figure.)
Routledge. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Middle Schools
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Maryland