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ERIC Number: EJ914576
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2005
Pages: 6
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 31
ISSN: ISSN-1175-9232
Ecological and Developmental Issues in the Practice of Educational Psychology
Bowler, Josephine
Kairaranga, v6 n2 p49-54 2005
This conceptual article examines what is meant by the term "ecological-contextual" in relation to the assessment of children's needs. Revisiting the discipline of ethology, the article applies the construct of niche to the human species, including examples from children's experiences to validate the relevance of this link. Issues of power imbalance in relationships are discussed in relation to the strategies children use to assume some control over the situations they find themselves in. It is suggested that without a comprehensive contextual analysis it becomes more likely that children's problematic behaviours will be interpreted in terms of medical categories. A range of theoretical perspectives linked to the reciprocity that characterises all relationships and the significance of such reciprocity to children's construction of meaning and feelings of self-efficacy is discussed. The hypothesis that attachment issues can become a disorder for the child is challenged. The use of the community genogram is introduced as a working tool for exploring children's multiple contexts. While the practice of educational psychology is the primary focus of this article, the dimensions discussed have equal relevance to all who work with children presenting problematic behaviours or developmental concerns. This article is intended to initiate further dialogue on these themes.
New Zealand Ministry of Education. Available from: Massey University. Private Bag 11 222; Palmerston North 4442, New Zealand. Tel: +64-6-351-3396; Fax: +64-6-351-3472; email:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: New Zealand