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ERIC Number: EJ913738
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2011
Pages: 23
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 53
ISSN: ISSN-1524-8372
Asking Parents to Prepare Children for an Event: Altering Parental Instructions Influences Children's Recall
Salmon, Karen; Mewton, Louise; Pipe, Margaret-Ellen; McDonald, Skye
Journal of Cognition and Development, v12 n1 p80-102 2011
The authors investigated whether manipulating parents' goals regarding their discussion of an upcoming staged event with their 6-year-old children differentially influenced the children's recall. Parents (n = 62) were asked to prepare their child for a staged novel event--"visiting the pretend zoo"--to take place 1 day later. One group ("inform") was asked to simply tell their child about the event, whereas a second group ("discuss") was asked to engage their child in conversation and seek their child's perspective. A third group of parents ("control") read an unrelated story to their child. Relative to parents in the "control" and "inform" conditions, parents in the "discuss" condition engaged their children in richer, more diverse, and complex conversation and their children made more contributions to the conversation. When their recall was tested 1 week later, however, children in the "inform" condition, relative to the "discuss" and "control" conditions, recalled more correct information overall. The reports of children in the "inform" and "discuss" conditions were highly accurate, and more so than those of children in the "control" condition. The findings and their possible underlying mechanisms are discussed. (Contains 1 table and 1 figure.)
Psychology Press. Available from: Taylor & Francis, Ltd. 325 Chestnut Street Suite 800, Philadelphia, PA 19106. Tel: 800-354-1420; Fax: 215-625-2940; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Australia
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Peabody Picture Vocabulary Test