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ERIC Number: EJ913476
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 25
ISSN: ISSN-2080-2234
Anthropometric and Cardio-Respiratory Indices and Aerobic Capacity of Male and Female Students
Czajkowska, Anna; Mazurek, Krzysztof; Lutoslawska, Grazyna; Zmijewski, Piotr
Biomedical Human Kinetics, v1 p47-51 2009
Study aim: To assess the relations between anthropometric and cardio-respiratory indices, and aerobic capacity of students, differing in the level of physical activity, under resting and exercise conditions. Material and methods: A group of 87 male and 75 female students volunteered to participate in the study. Their physical activity was evaluated by Seven-Day Physical Activity Recall questionnaire. Anthropometric (body height and mass, body fat content, BMI and WHR) and physiological indices (heart rate, blood pressure, VO[subscript 2]max, VCO[subscript 2] and minute ventilation) were recorded. Body fat content was determined using a BIA device; respiratory data were recorded in a cycle ergometer test. The subjects were classified by their VO[subscript 2]max values into "high" or "low" categories, the cut-off values of lower and upper quartiles serving as criteria. Results: Male and female students expended 10.2 [plus or minus] 4.6 and 8.4 [plus or minus] 5.3 kcal/kg/day, respectively, the VO[subscript 2]max amounting to 48.4 [plus or minus] 6.4 and 41.1 [plus or minus] 4.7 ml/kg/min, respectively. Subjects having high VO[subscript 2]max had significantly higher energy expenditure on physical activities, fat-free mass, body water content and maximal ventilation, and lower body mass, BMI, body fat content, resting heart rate and diastolic pressure. Conclusions: When investigating into the relationships between physical activity and physiological features, the latter ought to be related to VO[subscript 2]max rather than to energy expenditure which may depend on other than physiological variables. (Contains 4 tables.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Evaluative
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A