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ERIC Number: EJ913402
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 5
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 30
ISSN: ISSN-2080-2234
State/Trait Anxiety and Anxiolytic Effects of Acute Physical Exercises
Guszkowska, Monika
Biomedical Human Kinetics, v1 p6-10 2009
Study aim: To determine anxiolytic effects of acute physical exertions in relation to the initial anxiety state and trait in women. Material and methods: A group of 163 women aged 16-56 years, attending fitness clubs in Warsaw, participated in the study. They selected a single exercise to perform--strength, aerobic or mixed, lasting 30 to over 60 min. They were requested to fill Spielberger's STAI questionnaires for determining the state anxiety (pre- and post-exercise) and trait anxiety (post-exercise). Questionnaire results were converted to logarithms, pre-post differences were computed and correlated with age, trait anxiety and pre-exercise state anxiety. Multiple correlation and the contributions of independent variables to the total variance of pre-post differences were also computed. Results: Pre-post differences in state anxiety were significantly correlated with pre-exercise state anxiety (r = 0.514; p less than 0.001) but not with either age or trait anxiety. As shown by regression equation, pre-exercise state anxiety up to 28 may, on the average, be associated with post-exercise increases. The contribution of pre-exercise state anxiety to the total variance of pre-post differences amounted to 27% (p less than 0.001), those of other variables not exceeding 5%. Conclusions: The fact that subjects with high pre-exercise state anxiety are prone to its highest decrease post-exercise ought to be considered when designing leisure activity programmes. (Contains 2 tables and 1 figure.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Poland
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: State Trait Anxiety Inventory