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ERIC Number: EJ913398
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 4
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 22
ISSN: ISSN-2080-2234
Anaerobic Endurance of Young Untrained Male and Female Subjects
Sienkiewicz-Dianzenza, Edyta; Tomaszewski, Pawel; Iwanska, Dagmara; Stupnicki, Romuald
Biomedical Human Kinetics, v1 p16-19 2009
Study aim: To assess the anaerobic endurance of untrained male and female subjects by applying repeated maximal exercises. Material and methods: Untrained male subjects aged 23-27 years (n = 17, body height 170-197 cm, body mass 65-110 kg) and female ones aged 20-25 years (n = 10, body height 168-184 cm, body mass 55-86 kg) performed 6 maximal cycle ergometer (CE) exercises (64 flywheel revolutions each, spaced by 15 s intermissions, the load amounting to 75 g per kg body mass) and 6 bouts of 10 push-offs on an inclined plane device (IP). Mean and maximal relative power outputs were recorded, the ratio of the two--the performance index (PI), served as a measure of anaerobic performance. Results: Men attained significantly higher maximum power outputs than women in both tests but the respective PI values were in both genders alike. Highest power outputs amounted to 10.80 [plus or minus] 0.91 and 9.45 [plus or minus] 0.43 W/kg (cycle ergometer) for men and women, respectively, and to 20.06 [plus or minus] 3.78 and 13.70 [plus or minus] 1.88 W/kg (inclined plane) for men and women, respectively. No significant differences between genders were found for the PI values in either test but significant within-gender differences were detected between tests: mean PI values ([plus or minus]SD) amounted to 0.799 [plus or minus] 0.052 and 0.850 [plus or minus] 0.063 for men (p less than 0.01), and 0.803 [plus or minus] 0.030 and 0.875 [plus or minus] 0.078 for women (p less than 0.05), for CE and IP, respectively. Conclusions: The performance index enabled comparing male and female subjects, as well as different exercise tests consisting of repeated, short, maximal exercises, with respect to anaerobic endurance. (Contains 2 figures.)
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Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: N/A
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A