NotesFAQContact Us
Search Tips
Peer reviewed Peer reviewed
PDF on ERIC Download full text
ERIC Number: EJ913392
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2009
Pages: 2
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 8
ISSN: ISSN-2080-2234
Dietary Habits and Physical Self-Concept of Elite Rhythmic Gymnasts
Boros, Szilvia
Biomedical Human Kinetics, v1 p1-2 2009
Study aim: To identify main differences in nutrient patterns, food preferences and physical self-concept between the world's elite rhythmic gymnasts and untrained controls. Material and methods: A group of elite rhythmic gymnasts (n = 103) aged 15-21 years volunteered to participate in the study during the 2003 World Championships in Rhythmic Gymnastics (Budapest, Hungary). A selected group of 113 untrained schoolgirls aged 15-18 years served as controls. Typical eating habits and physical self-concept were assessed by applying a questionnaire containing questions on dietary habits and on self-concept (taken from the Tennessee Self-Concept Scale). Results: The female gymnasts had significantly lower (p less than 0.01) body mass and BMI than their untrained mates. The levels of physical self-concept were similar in both groups. Rhythmic gymnasts declared eating lunch and dinner, as well as eating sweets, eating excessively and liking eating, less frequently than their untrained mates (p less than 0.01). Conclusion: Attaining a perfect body by elite gymnasts may mean a very high cost associated with poor dietary habits and inadequate nutrient intake. (Contains 1 table.)
Versita. 14a/1 Solipska Street, 02-482 Warsaw, Poland. Tel: +48-22-7015015; Fax: +48-22-4335126; e-mail:; Web site:
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Research
Education Level: Elementary Secondary Education; Secondary Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A
Identifiers - Location: Hungary
Identifiers - Assessments and Surveys: Tennessee Self Concept Scale