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ERIC Number: EJ913339
Record Type: Journal
Publication Date: 2010-Mar
Pages: 3
Abstractor: As Provided
Reference Count: 17
ISBN: N/A
ISSN: ISSN-0021-9584
Use of Kinematic Viscosity Data for the Evaluation of the Molecular Weight of Petroleum Oils
Maroto, J. A.; Quesada-Perez, M.; Ortiz-Hernandez, A. J.
Journal of Chemical Education, v87 n3 p323-325 Mar 2010
A new laboratory procedure for the evaluation of the mean molecular weight (mean relative molecular mass) of petroleum oils with high accuracy is described. The density and dynamic viscosity of three commercial petroleum oils are measured at different temperatures. These experimental data are used to calculate the kinematic viscosity as a function of the temperature, a typical task in an introductory-level laboratory course in physical chemistry. This new procedure offers an alternative to the classic use of a capillary viscometer. The kinematic viscosity data are used to evaluate the mean molecular weight of the petroleum oils. A set of equations is used that fits the data provided by the ASTM standard D 2502-04. (This standard is commonly used in the petroleum industry to calculate the mean molecular weight of petroleum oils.) The results confirm that viscosity measurements obtained with the new procedure can be used to evaluate the mean molecular weight of petroleum oils with high accuracy. (Contains 1 table.)
Division of Chemical Education, Inc and ACS Publications Division of the American Chemical Society. 1155 Sixteenth Street NW, Washington, DC 20036. Tel: 800-227-5558; Tel: 202-872-4600; e-mail: eic@jce.acs.org; Web site: http://pubs.acs.org/jchemeduc
Publication Type: Journal Articles; Reports - Descriptive
Education Level: Higher Education
Audience: N/A
Language: English
Sponsor: N/A
Authoring Institution: N/A